Equity theory focuses on determining whether the distribution of resources is fair to both relational partners equity is measured by comparing the ratio of contributions (or costs) and benefits (or rewards) for each person considered one of the justice theories, equity theory was first developed in the 1960s by j stacy adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, who asserted that. Real-life relationships confirm that equity theory is a more valid explanation than set supporting research evidence utne: 118 married, 16-45, measured equity w/ 2 self-report scales. Theories of interpersonal relationship interpersonal relationship refers to a strong association amongst individuals with similar tastes, aspirations and interests in life it is essential for individuals to share a healthy relationship with each other not only for quicker delivery of results but also for a positive ambience at the workplace.
Equity theory ‘as adams’ is a process theory that argues that perception of unfairness leads to tension, which then motivates the individual to resolve that unfairness. The difference between expectancy theory and equity theory needs substantial analysis as both explain how employees’ relationships evolve in a working environment. Equity theory is an extension of social exchange theory the basic assumption is that people only consider a relationship to be satisfactory if what they gain from it reflects what they give to it this means that if one person contributes more, they feel they should get more out of it.
Discuss two or more theories of the maintenance of romantic relationships (8 marks + 16 marks) here you should outline and evaluate theories such as social exchange theory and equity theory. Equity theory recognizes that individuals are concerned with both the absolute amount of rewards and the relationship of that amount to what others receive the theory proposes that employees make. Equity theory deals with social relationships and fairness/unfairness, it is also known as the social comparisons theory or inequity theory (gogia, 2010) individual will most likely use a process that is relatively easy and the most satisfying in restoring a perception of equity theories that assist equity theory. Discuss theories of relationship maintenance the social exchange theory is an economic theory, explaining relationships in terms of maximising benefits and minimising costs the ‘social exchange’ is the mutual exchange of rewards between partners, like friendship and sex, and the costs of being in the relationship, such as freedoms given up. Published: mon, 5 dec 2016 equity theory proposes that peoples motivation, performance and satisfaction depend on their subjective evaluation of the relationships between their effort/reward ratio and the effort /reward of others in similar situations.
Therefore, the equity theory is an insufficient theory to explain why people maintain relationships ida there are issues with the social exchange theory, such as cultural bias. Equity theory, like other theories within the relationships topic, proposes a universal theory of romantic relationships that suggests that people are content in their relationship if the benefits equal the costs. Equity theory of motivation the core of the equity theory is the principle of balance or equity as per this motivation theory, an individual’s motivation level is correlated to his perception of equity, fairness and justice practiced by the management. Equity theory is a conceptualization that focuses on the causes and consequences of people’s perceptions of equity and inequity in their relationships with others. The social exchange theory suggests that partners seek equality or a balance between costs and benefits in contrast walster et al propose that equity is more important where partners' level of profit should be roughly the same.
Two theories that relate to the breakdown of relationships the social exchange theory and the equity theory can give plausible explanations for the breakdown of relationships. Although equity has been found to be important in a wide variety of relationships— societal relationships, romantic and family relationships, helping relationships, exploitative relationships, and work relationships—this entry will focus on the research in one area: romantic and marital relationships. Social exchange theory is a social psychological and sociological perspective that explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between parties social exchange theory posits that human relationships are formed by the use of a subjective cost-benefit analysis and the comparison of alternatives the theory has roots in economics, psychology and sociology. There are two main theories applied to relationships, social exchange theory and equity theory underpin commonly used behavioural therapies such as cognitive behavioural therapy, enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy and integrative cognitive behavioural therapy.
Related predictions of equity theory are correct (mowday, 1983) theory and reinforcement-affect theory are compared and in- dividuals seek to maximize equity in relationships rather than. Contemporary theories of motivation, known as adams' equity theory and vroom's expectancy theory, with some particular, stringent guidelines for specificity regarding the se two theories. Equity theory is also called inequity theory as it is the unequal difference that is often the area of interest example men who have been pulled away from their family by their work sometimes try to even the scales with expensive holidays. Studies show equity does pay central role in some relationships (eg casual friendships) but there is limited support for its importance in others there is limited support for equity theory in terms of romantic relationships and it may be better at explaining other forms of relationship.
The handbook of theories of social psychology is an essential resource for researchers and students of social psychology and related disciplines. Sometimes, love isn't enough to sustain a relationship in this lesson, we discuss the importance of equality in a relationship by defining equity theory. Clark and mills (1979) argued that romantic relationships are communal rather than exchange relationships equity theory (walster et al, 1978) balance is achieved more through perceived fairness, as in the matching hypothesis. Equity theory looks at what you are putting into the relationship and what you are getting out of it it's concerned with mutuality - whether both people are giving and receiving equally.